6. June: Seasonal and Successive Plantings

Michele Kruegelisms
Seasonal and Successive Plantings (.doc)
June 12, 2010

Succession Plantings

Succession plantings (I-3) are useful when the goal is to have a continual supply of vegetables throughout the season.  Ex. Do 2-3 plantings of lettuce in spring (7-10 days apart) and again in the fall.

June 1-June 5 (a bit late)

  • Brussels spouts
  • Cabbage
  • Kohlrabi
  • Pepper
  • Potato, Irish
  • Squash, Summer
  • Tomato
  • Successive plantings: snap bean, sweet corn, cucumber

June 25 “ July 5

  • Bean, Snap
  • Beet
  • Broccoli plants
  • Cabbage plants
  • Carrot
  • Cauliflower plants
  • Chinese cabbage plants
  • Endive
  • Okra
  • Rutabaga

July 15-25

  • Chinese cabbage
  • Kohlrabi
  • Lettuce, cos
  • Lettuce, leave
  • Mustard greens
  • Radish winter
  • Turnip

August 10-20

  • Leaf lettuce
  • Mustard greens
  • Spring radish
  • Spinach

Combinations to avoid

There are some plants that, when planted close together, will benefit each other. Likewise, there are certain combinations of plants that will inhibit the growth of one or both types of plants. Here are a fe combinations to avoid:

  • Potatoes “ inhibit growth of tomatoes and squash
  • Beans “ inhibit growth of onions
  • Broccoli “ inhibits growth of tomatoes
  • Carrots “ inhibit growth of dill

Green manure or cover crops:

These are crops such as rye or oat that improve soil tilth when they’re plowed under in the fall and spring. Broadcast seed over prepared soil areas and between rows of late vegetables. Incorporate the seed into the soil with a rake.Rye: 3 pounds of seed per 1000 sf of garden; plant September 1-30; till under early spring

  • Rye-Grass: ½ pound of seed; plant September 1-15; till under early spring
  • Oats: 1 to 1 ½ pounds of seed; plant late August to early September; till under or incorporate into the soil in early spring.

Seasonal plantings for the rest of the summer: the fall Garden

Vegetable Combinations:

Things to keep in mind: Its a good idea to group early or quick maturing veggies together so that you can reuse the space for something else after harvesting. Place perennials (like asparagus, berries and rhubarb) around the edges of the garden. Avoid shading plants with taller crops. Plant taller crops to the North or West of shorter crops.

Tomatoes: Great with Basil. CELERY and tomato are companion plants. For the best results plant near onions, asparagus, carrots, parsley or cucumbers, but keep well away from potatoes or members of the cabbage family.

The Three Sisters: Native Americans planted beans, squash, and corn in the same hole. The three plants help each other by maximizing growing conditions for one another. The corn serves as a support for climbing pole beans, the beans fix nitrogen in the soil, important for nitrogen loving, heavy feeding corn, and the squash covers the ground of the corn and beans to both hold moisture in and repel hungry pests.

MARIGOLDS are the classic companion planting flower. The bright colors add visual interest.

CARROTS get on well with a wide variety of vegetables “ peas, lettuce, rosemary, onions, sage and tomatoes. Just keep them away from dill.

PEAS grow well with beans. Place them along the same fence.

The cabbage family (broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower and kale to name a few) like many companions “ beet, celery, cucumber, lettuce, onion, potatoes and spinach. But they have a few hates as well “ dill, strawberries, pole beans and tomatoes.

LETTUCE planted in between the corn so they got some shade in the hot afternoons. Lettuce is an accepting plant, not hating any vegetables but appreciating being planted next to carrots, strawberries and cucumbers.

Asparagus get on well with most veggies, but ideal companions are tomato, parsley and basil.

Potatoes, you should plant them near beans, corn and members of the cabbage family for best results, and make sure they are away from pumpkins, squash, tomatoes and cucumbers.

Themed Gardens:

Salsa garden: one garden bush type meaty tomato such as Roma, San Marzano or Viva Italia with one hot pepper plant. Add a few green onions or scallions. Sprinkle seeds of cilantro around the outside edge of container.

Pesto garden: two or three lettuce-leaf type basil plants, two parsley plants, several garlic cloves (this method of planting garlic will yield harvestable leaves. To produce garlic cloves plant in October for July harvest).

Herb garden: one each of chive, sage, and rosemary plants surrounded by thyme.

Salad garden: cherry tomato plant with lettuce and radish seeds around the outside edge.

Soul food garden: black-eyed peas than greens, sweet potatoes, and okra

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